What are Varicose Veins and Spider Veins?

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are large, tubular, unhealthy, and dilated blood vessels that protrude from the skin’s surface. They’re blue, green, or purple and appear in a twisted, tangled, and knotted form.

Varicose veins are symptomatic of advanced venous insufficiency, a circulatory disorder that leads to blood accumulation in your leg veins. Healthy veins consist of vein valves that ensure smooth one-way blood circulation to the heart, often against the force of gravity. When your vein valves collapse, blood flows backward due to gravity, eventually accumulating in your leg veins. The continued pressure on your vein walls leads to protruding varicose veins.

What are Spider Veins?

Spider veins are small, unhealthy, and dilated blood vessels that appear in dense clusters on the skin’s surface. They may look red, blue, or purple and spread outwards, like spider webs.

The direct cause of spider veins is blood accumulation in your leg veins. Spider veins are often indicative of underlying venous insufficiency, a circulatory disorder wherein the collapse of your deeper veins leads to blood accumulation in your leg veins. Several factors increase your risk of spider veins — genetic predisposition, pregnancy, age, hormonal changes, weight gain, or long periods of sedentariness.

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Vein Disease Symptoms

Rеѕtlеѕѕ lеgѕ ѕуndrоmе (RLS)

Restless leg syndrome is a condition that gives you an irresistible urge to move and shake your legs, interfering with your daily activities and sleep cycle.

Restless leg syndrome often occurs due to long periods of sedentariness or inactivity. However, if the restlessness in your legs worsens at the end of the day, it might be caused by underlying venous insufficiency. Patients suffering from underlying venous insufficiency (vein disease) often experience restless leg syndrome due to excessive blood accumulation in the leg veins. You must contact a vein doctor in NJ to diagnose and treat the root cause of your restless leg syndrome.


Leg cramps, also known as a “Charley Horse,” are sudden bouts of involuntary and painful muscular contractions in your legs, specifically your thighs and calves.

You may experience leg cramps for several reasons, including dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. However, if you experience frequent leg cramps despite drinking sufficient water and following a balanced diet, you may have underlying venous insufficiency. Patients with venous insufficiency have damaged veins that lead to blood accumulation in your leg veins, which, in turn, leads to frequent cramps. You must consult your vein center in NJ to identify the root cause of your leg cramps.


Leg heaviness can be due to multiple different causes, but the most common cause is chronic venous insufficiency, a circulatory disorder of the veins in the legs. Leg heaviness due to vein disease tends to be worse with prolonged sitting or standing. Exercise usually improves symptoms, and heat makes them worse.

If you have noticed leg heaviness at the end of the day, particularly if you have visible spider and varicose veins on the surface of the skin, consider seeing a qualified vein doctor to be evaluated for venous insufficiency.


Leg swelling is a common condition marked by swelling in either or both of your legs.

Leg swelling may be caused by several factors. You may experience temporary leg swelling due to high salt intake. You may also experience leg swelling due to chronic medical disorders, such as heart or kidney failure. However, if you experience mild or severe leg swelling that worsens at the end of the day or after long periods of inactivity, you might be suffering from underlying venous insufficiency (vein disease), a condition that causes blood accumulation in your leg veins.

Are you experiencing painful or uncomfortable vein disease symptoms?

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Causes of Vein Disease

Symptoms of Spider and Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are large and excessively dilated blood vessels prone to bursting, leading to profuse bleeding. Besides the varicose veins, you may also experience leg heaviness, restless legs, leg swelling, throbbing leg veins, frequent leg cramps, skin discoloration, the formation of non-healing wounds on your legs (leg ulcers), or the formation of blood clots in your leg veins (deep vein thrombosis).

Varicose veins can be treated with surgical or minimally-invasive procedures. However, you should only consult vein centers that provide minimally invasive varicose vein treatments because they’re safer and more effective. Radiofrequency and laser ablation ate the best treatments for varicose veins, and they involve using heat to seal the diseased vein’s walls. Your vein doctor may also inject a special solution into the varicose veins to seal their walls, making them eventually shrink and fade away from the body.

What is venous insufficiency?

Venous insufficiency is a common medical condition that causes backwards blood flow in your veins, leading to blood accumulation in your leg veins.

In healthy veins, the vein valves act as one-way doors to allow blood to flow towards the heart, but not backward due to gravity. However, several factors lead to the gradual weakening of your vein valves, such as age, hormonal changes, weight gain, etc. If your vein valves malfunction, gravity forces blood to flow backward and accumulate in your leg veins. Venous insufficiency is more common in women, individuals past their middle ages, and those with a sedentary lifestyle.

Spider veins and varicose veins are the most common symptoms of venous insufficiency. You may also experience restless legs, leg heaviness, leg swelling, or frequent leg cramps.



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Is a Mеdісаrе-apprоvеd, minimally invаѕіvе tесhnіquе for eliminating unhealthy veins.

Iѕ one of several technologies used to treat vein disease, аlѕо knоwn as Chrоnіс Venous Insufficiency.

Is the latest endovascular treatment for Vein Disease & Chronic Venous Insufficiency. 

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