What are Varicose Veins and Spider Veins?

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are large, unhealthy blood vessels that protrude out of the skin’s surface. They might be red, blue, purple, or skin-colored, and they usually appear on the lower extremities of the body, such as the legs and buttocks. They’re often described as dense masses of tangled, twisted, and knotted rope-like veins.

Varicose veins are essentially unhealthy veins with excess blood accumulation, a symptom of an underlying circulatory disorder called chronic venous insufficiency. This is a medical condition wherein your vein valves malfunction, causing blood to flow backward due to the force of gravity and accumulate in your leg veins. As more blood accumulates in your leg veins, it exerts pressure on your vein walls, leading to vascular dilation and the formation of varicose veins.

Spider Veins

Spider veins are small, dense clusters of red, blue, or purple blood vessels that spread outwards from a central location, similar to spider webs. Spider veins are also caused by poor blood circulation in your leg veins, but they don’t bulge out of the skin’s surface.

Spider veins are often, though not always, indicative of underlying chronic venous insufficiency. As mentioned previously, chronic venous insufficiency is a medical condition wherein the collapse of your vein valves makes blood flow backward and accumulate in your leg veins, which leads to vascular dilation and the formation of spider veins. The primary risk factors for spider veins include genetics, age, pregnancy, hormone changes, weight changes, and occupations that involve long periods of sitting or standing still.

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Vein Disease Symptoms

Rеѕtlеѕѕ lеgѕ ѕуndrоmе (RLS)

Restless legs syndrome is a medical condition wherein you have a compulsive need to move or shake your legs. This can also lead to irritation or be accompanied by leg pain and heaviness. The unceasing need to move your legs can interfere with your daily activities and sleep, leading to anxiety, fatigue, and insomnia.

Chronic venous insufficiency is one of the leading causes of restless legs syndrome. The continued pressure of accumulated blood in the leg veins leads to leg heaviness and the incessant desire to shake them. Restless legs syndrome caused by vein disease usually worsens at the end of the day or after long periods of sitting or standing still. If you have restless legs syndrome, please schedule an appointment at our state-of-the-art spider vein and varicose vein centers in New Jersey.

LEG CRAMPS

Leg cramps are sudden bouts of involuntary and painful muscle contractions originating in the legs, especially the thighs and calves. Cramps originating in the calves are termed “Charley Horse.” While the cramps originate in your legs, they can also spread into your hands and other parts of your body.

Most people experience leg cramps once in a while, but frequent leg cramps is a cause for concern. Frequent leg cramps may be indicative of dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, or chronic venous insufficiency. If you follow a balanced diet and drink plenty of water but still experience frequent leg cramps, you may have vein disease. That’s especially true if your leg  cramps worsen at the end of the day or wake you up in the middle of the night. Please schedule an appointment at our vein centers in New Jersey – our vein doctors will identify and treat the root cause of your leg cramps.

LEG HEAVINESS

Leg heaviness is a condition wherein your legs feel heavy, which can cause exhaustion. Chronic venous insufficiency is the likely cause of leg heaviness if your symptoms worsen at the end of the day or after prolonged periods of sitting or standing still. You might experience temporary relief after exercise, but the symptoms return soon after and worsen due to heat. If you experience leg heaviness at the end of the day or have other signs of vein disease, such as spider veins, and varicose veins, please consult our vein doctors in New Jersey.

LEG SWELLING

Leg swelling is a condition wherein one or both of your legs are swollen due to several potential causes. Temporary leg swelling may be caused because of a high salt intake. However, persistent leg swelling is often indicative of medical conditions, such as kidney failure, heart failure, lymphatic problems, or chronic venous insufficiency. Vein disease is the likely cause of leg swelling if your symptoms worsen at the end of the day or after long periods of sitting or standing still. If so, please schedule an appointment at our vein centers in New Jersey for your diagnosis and treatment.

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Treatments for Spider Veins and Varicose Veins

Spider veins and varicose veins are usually caused by underlying chronic venous insufficiency. They might seem benign, but they progressively worsen until you experience severe self-consciousness, anxiety, leg heaviness, leg pain, skin discoloration, deep vein thrombosis, leg ulcers, and other problems. That’s why you must contact reliable vein doctors to diagnose and treat spider veins and varicose veins at an early stage.

Spider veins and varicose veins can be treated with surgical and non-surgical procedures. However, our state-of-the-art vein centers in New Jersey only provide the latest minimally invasive vein treatments, such as radiofrequency ablation, endovenous laser ablation, venaseal, and sclerotherapy. Our vein doctors diagnose the root cause of your vein problems and use the latest techniques to help you achieve long-lasting relief from the superficial symptoms and the underlying vein disease. Please schedule an appointment at our spider vein and varicose vein centers in NJ to discuss your treatment options.

Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Chronic venous insufficiency is a medical condition wherein your vein valves malfunction and blood accumulates in the leg veins. This is the root cause of most vein problems, including spider veins, varicose veins, leg heaviness, leg cramps, leg swelling, and restless leg syndrome.

The veins are responsible for carrying blood from different parts of the body to the heart. Your veins contain one-way valves that ensure smooth one-way blood circulation, allowing blood to flow towards the heart but preventing it from flowing backward due to gravity. When your vein valves collapse or weaken due to age, genetics, or other factors, blood flows backward and accumulates in your leg veins. The continued accumulation of blood in the leg veins leads to spider veins, varicose veins, and all other vein problems.

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